Radiation can actually cause damage to the DNA that is present in the cells. Higher doses of radiation can even cause ARS, also known as Acute Radiation Syndrome. It can even lead to CRI, also known as Cutaneous Radiation Injuries. Very high doses of nuclear radiation could even lead to developing cancer at a much later stage in life.
Keep reading till the end to find out more information about nuclear radiation!
What Is Radiation?
To answer what is nuclear radiation would be – It is referred to as the emission of energy in the form of electromagnetic waves or moving sub-atomic particles. Natural radiation actually comes in the form of many naturally occurring radioactive materials that are found in the water, air, soil, and also in the body. People inhale and digest some form of radiation every day.
In the present world, the most common type of artificial sources of human exposure to X-ray machines are radiopharmaceuticals that are used for radiotherapy or other diagnostic and medical purposes.
Exposure to any form of radiation can result from accidental or natural situations or, sometimes, even a combination of both.
Nuclear Stress Test Radiation
A nuclear stress test radiation is an imaging method that makes use of radioactive material for showing how blood flows into the heart muscle, both during activity and while at rest.
This Nuclear Radiation is a form of energy released by the elementary particles of the atomic nucleus, which are again caused by the process of nuclear delay. Nuclear Radiation can cause severe consequences to human life, nature, and the facility greatly.
Different Types Of Nuclear Radiation
There are particular three main types of radiation that get emitted from radioactive atoms:
The Alpha Radiation are heavy and short ranged particles. Alpha radiation is also another name for the alpha particles ejected in the radioactive type of decay known as alpha decay.
Tip: There are hida scan side effects where one may experience abdominal pain or even nausea after getting the test done.
Beta Radiation is classified into two broad categories – Beta plus and Beta minus. The latter consists of a very energetic electron. They are more penetrating than alpha radiation. While the Beta plus type of radiation results due to the emission of the positron – which is actually a form of antimatter in the form of electrons.
Gamma radiation or gamma rays actually consist of photons that have a wavelength less than that of 3×10−11metres. This form of emission is a nuclear process that eliminates the imbalance of excess energy after most nuclear reactions.
Tip: What does radiation do to the body? Great exposure to any form of radiation can damage the DNA and also lead to developing cancer in later life.
How Does It Affect One’s Health?
An excessive form of exposure to radiation can damage the living organs and tissues, depending upon the type and amount of radiation that the being has received. The full extent of the damage depends on the following factors:
- The total length of time and the manner in which the being was exposed to radiation
- the type of radiation
- the involved radioactive isotopes
- the sensitivity of the affected organs and tissues
- the age of the affected person
The overall risk of developing an adverse form of health effects actually depends upon the level of radiation the person was exposed to. If the dose of radiation is low or even if it was delivered over a prolonged period of time, then the risk gets substantially lower because the damage to the molecules and stress gets repaired by the body.
Acute Health Effects Of Being Exposed To Nuclear Radiation
At such high doses, radiation can impair the normal function of the organs and tissues, leading to serious health effects like vomiting, nausea, hair loss, redness of the skin, or even death.
In the case of a nuclear emergency, the workers and first responders of the affected facility are at a much greater risk of being exposed to doses of radiation – high enough to cause adverse effects. The general population, however, is less likely to suffer from the effects mentioned above.
In case it is a radiation emergency, then the people should follow the information from the local authorities and then abide and comply with their protective actions in order to reduce the risk of exposure.
Benefits Of Radiation
Although scientists have come to know about radiation since the 1980s, they have developed a variety of uses for this force. In the present world, for the benefit of mankind, radiation is widely used in academics, medicine, and industry. In addition to all these, radiation has certain useful applications in areas like archaeology, agriculture, geology, and law enforcement.
Doctors, Hospitals, and Dentists are known to use a variety of procedures and nuclear materials to diagnose, monitor and treat various metabolic processes and other medical conditions in humans. As a matter of fact, diagnostic X-rays or even radiation therapy have also been administered to about seven out of every ten Americans. This has directly helped in saving thousands of lives.
Scientific And Academic Applications
Colleges, Universities, High Schools, and other academic institutions are also known to use nuclear materials for various work and studies. It allows researchers to study and make new findings in nuclear physics, medical, or other fields.
Tip: Wondering what is nuclear chemistry? Well, the usage of nuclear radioactivity is taught in detail in Nuclear Chemistry. This type of chemistry is a sub-field of chemistry that mainly deals with radioactivity.
Nuclear Power Plants
The electricity that gets produced by nuclear fission by splitting the atom is considered one of the greatest uses of radiation. As our country has now become a nation of electricity users, there is an emergence or a need for a clean, affordable, and reliable form of energy. Electricity can be produced in many ways, nuclear fission being one of them.
There’s a lot of varied radiation use in different industries. For example, in irradiation, medical equipment and foods are exposed to some type of radiation to kill the germs.
To Wrap It Up!
That was all for information regarding Nuclear Radiation and its possible effects on people’s health. Thank you for reading up till here. I hope you found the information useful. Let me know in the comments your thoughts on the same.
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